Thoughts for summer – 1

Ropke

[The] “Conservative respect for the past and its preservation are indispensable conditions of a sound society, but to cling exclusively to tradition, history, and established customs is an exaggeration leading to intolerable rigidity. The liberal predilection for movement and progress is an equally indispensable counterweight, but if it sets no limits and recognises nothing as lasting and worth preserving, it ends in in disintegration and destruction.”545743

Wilhelm Ropke

Smoking in France

Since he died when he was seven I have few memories of my father. I know however that he was a Civil Engineer, and that one of his heroes was Isambard Kingdom Brunel14brunel1 – the great engineer of Victorian railways – whose father, despite being of humble origin, had been obliged to flee from the revolutionary terror in  France. I know also that my father was a great lover of freedom, and that he was a keen reader of Adam Smith.  Although he never got near the front  I also know that he and a friend ran away from school in November 1917 to fight for the territorial integrity of France in Royal Tank Corps when they heard of the great victory at the Battle of Cambraiakg9-1917-11-20-A2-2.  He was also a non smoker, but what I do not know is how he would have reacted to the news that legislation is apparently being prepared in France that would ban smoking on beaches.safe_image From what I have heard though it would not have been the sort of proposal which would have commended itself very forcibly to his judgement. But then presumably there are plans to exclude from the operations of the law, those beaches of NormandyD-Day-Wounded where so many DIED FOR FREEDOM. R.M.winston_churchillsartre

Ten of the best – Books for Summer

A bibliographical essay by,

John Wyse Jackson

Anyone who reads books for pleasure and instruction possesses various yardsticks for measuring how good they are. This is perhaps especially true in the case of booksellers – such as myself. So it was with some initial reluctance that I approached the task that the Edmund Burke Institute had set me: to name ten books related to Ireland that I thought everyone would be both pleased and instructed to have read.

 

About three weeks ago, after lengthy brain-cudgelling, note-taking and agonising, I produced a carefully modulated list, almost immediately lost it, and then couldn’t remember very many of the books I had chosen. So now, under editorial pressure from the website supremo, I have done another one. This one shares a few titles with my initial attempt, but it was the product of a quite different method: I have simply allowed books that mean a lot to me to pop gently into my head, without any straining after categories or canonical importance.

 

Here, therefore, is my list, in no particular order:

 

Father Ralph  (Gerald O’Donovan)

The English Poet Laureate, John Betjeman, once said that this was his favourite novel. First published in 1913, it’s based on the author’s experiences, first at Maynooth, where he trained for the priesthood, and then in a parish in the west of Ireland. The hero’s conflict with the reactionary forces of the Church is the coiled spring of savage indignation that drives the plot. In 1904, after several years of futile struggle against the powers of indigenous darkness, O’Donovan left the priesthood (and Ireland), disgusted. There were to be more novels, but none as good as this one.

 

Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World – otherwise known as Gulliver’s Travels250px-Gullivers_travels  (Jonathan Swift)00021639.jpg

A book we often think we have read properly, but rarely have. Swift’s prose is as clear and comic as it is clever, and the subtext behind his greatest novel (more savage indignation) should engage adult readers even more than the story did when they were children.

 

The Unfortunate Fursey  (Mervyn Wall)

One of the most delightfully humorous books I know, it was written in the 1930s by a Dublin civil servant. It tells the unlikely tale of a medieval monk who is thrown out of the monastery of Clonmacnoise because, against his will, his beehive hut is the venue for nightly revelry by members of the devil class. As Fursey is afflicted by an incapacitating stammer, he cannot intone the ritual of exorcism to get rid of them, and so none of the other monks gets a wink of sleep. The story continues … (The book could inspire a hilarious and beautiful animated movie, on the lines of the Oscar-winning The Story of Kells.)

 

Oscar Wilde oscarwilde (Richard Ellmann)

Less famous than his monumental life of James Joyce, this book shows the American biographer in marginally less academic mode – perforce: he wrote it at some speed before motor neurone disease finally silenced him. It contrives to be witty, moving and authoritative, a rare combination, as well as immensely readable. Naturally, a good deal of the credit must go to the extraordinary Mr Wilde himself.

 

Good Behaviour  (Molly Keane)molly keane

In the 1930s and ’40s this quintessential Anglo-Irish writer wrote several enjoyable novels about hunting and big houses; then fashion decreed that such trivia weren’t worth bothering with, and she ceased publishing. But not writing: when a houseguest discovered the manuscript of Good Behaviour in a drawer, she urged Molly to send it to a publisher. It almost won the Booker Prize. Set in a similar setting to her earlier books, it is no Somerville-and-Ross romp, but the wicked, sad, hilarious tale of a girl in her teens who is just too innocent. (I don’t wish, by the way, to impugn Somerville and RossPair 2, whose ‘Irish R.M.’ stories have for a century and more beguiled the leisure hours of many of their fellow countrymen and women – even militantly nationalistic ones. Indeed, their best book, The Real Charlotte,therealcharlotte is one of the greatest Irish novels of all, and it would have made this list had it not been so long since I read it.)

 

Doctor Copernicus  (John Banville)

Unashamedly treating fiction as an Art, Banville John_Banvilleis frequently mentioned as a Nobel candidate. This is one of his earliest novels, the first of his so-called ‘scientific trilogy’ – the others being Kepler and The Newton Letter – and it is an enthralling, elegant study of the man who united the sciences of astronomy and physics. The fetid intense atmosphere of Germany in the seventeenth century seems to emanate from the pages of this book, and one finishes it with a renewed admiration both for the great astronomer and for its author.  Incidentally, it is to Arthur Koestler – and particularly The Sleepwalkers – that Banville ascribes his interest in matters scientific. No doubt there is a thesis in preparation as we speak.

 

An tOileánach / The Islander  (Tomás Ó Criomhthain)

This is a gritty, sensitive and honest account of a hard life on the westernmost scrap of Ireland. However, even for those of us who can read his book in the original, the book’s reputation has for generations been coloured by Robin Flower’s 1929 translation, which made an international success of it. Flower did his best, and there are, God knows, many worse translations from the Irish, but his version aped in English the cadences and even structures of the original, leaving much of the clarity of the author’s words obscured behind a quaint variant of Kiltartanese. I’m glad to say, a new translation (by Garry Bannister and David Sowby) has just appeared, written in good English, and with various censored ‘earthy’ passages restored. It is a revelation. Seek it out!

 

An Béal Bocht / The Poor Mouth  (Myles na gCopaleen)

Better known as Flann O’Brien, author of At Swim-Two-Birds and The Third Policeman, Myles, a native Irish speaker, wrote this sharp, disgraceful satire in the early 1940s, partly in response to the flood of rural memoirs in Irish that had been inspired by the success of An tOileánach. It is also an attack on the ‘Gaelgóirí’ – Irish language fanatics who governed the country’s policy on the language, and in their holidays thronged the villages of the west of Ireland, notebooks at the ready, pestering the natives for obscure words. But satire aside, in either language, this is a very funny book indeed.

 

Collected Poems  (Austin Clarke) `

Overshadowed in early life by Yeats, in middle life by Kavanagh, and in later life by Heaney, Clarke (1896-1974) was a brilliant, innovative poet and social critic. This volume is a trove of treasures. First almost a poet of the Celtic Dawn, and then later almost an avant-garde one, Clarke liked to set himself technical challenges in his work (‘I load myself down with chains and try to wriggle free’). For example he borrowed conventions from Gaelic verse for his (English) poems, and he sometimes wrote poems that formed quasi-rhymes from homophones  – not always entirely happily, admittedly: I seem to remember, in a poem about eating horses, ‘hippophagy’ ‘rhymed’ with ‘hip off a gee’. Perhaps my favourite of Clarke’s works is Mnemosyne Lay in Dust, a long verse chronicle based on time he spent as a young man in a St Patrick’s Mental Hospital in Dublin. His early novels (banned, of course) are good too, and his memoirs, particularly Twice Round the Black Church.

 

Giacomo Joyce  (James Joyce)

Of course there are other books by JoyceJamesjoyce1926 that I might have chosen (and Joyce has dominated my reading for some years), but I am very fond of this short book. It is the only considerable work that he did not set in Dublin, an impressionistic, beautifully cadenced piece, almost a prose poem. Revolving around a love affair – more accurately, perhaps, a ‘crush’ – that the writer had with a young woman in Trieste, it was not published during the author’s lifetime – and so is probably the only remaining creative prose by Joyce that is still in copyright.

 

That concludes my list of ten books – but I cannot resist adding one more, by Iris Murdoch.

 

The Bell2127110867_269a-210  (Iris Murdoch)

The author’s fourth novel, chosen by me almost at random, is set largely in a lay religious community. In it, practically all the characters are tortured by love, religion and their own flaws. In fact, if you like this book, you will like ALL Murdoch’s books. (I do – and in fact many years ago I spent several months reading them one after another. I scarcely lived to tell the tale!)

 

But (I hear you cry) why should Iris Murdoch be on this list? Was she really, properly, Irish? Yes she was, I contend, very much so. Though admittedly, later in life she tended to avoid her fellow-countrymen, finding them gushingly friendly and over-emotional, in her younger years she made a telling statement about herself on a book jacket. I quote it in its entirety:

 

‘I was born in Ireland and come of Anglo-Irish stock on both sides. I am glad of this, in a sentimental way, because this particular race has produced so many good writers – though as far as I can discover my own ancestors were mainly farmers and soldiers.

‘I should like to write about Ireland – but I think I should find it very difficult not to be, in some way, absurdly emotional about it.

She concludes, with disarming eccentricity: ‘Since I gave up painting I have no hobbies. If I have any time to spare I talk to my friends. I like being alone in big cities, especially London and Rome. I like animals very much.’

 

Yes, indeed, Iris Murdoch was Irish.

 

(John Wyse Jackson is a bookseller and a part-time writer. Most days he can be found among some 30,000 of his favourite secondhand books in Zozimus Bookshop, 86 Main Street, Gorey, Co Wexford. Among his publications are books concerning the Irish writers Flann  O’Brien, James Joyce, Oscar Wilde and John Lennon. He has also edited several volumes of Ireland’s ‘Other’ Poetry – i.e. light, satirical or otherwise entertaining verses that might otherwise be forgotten. He can be phoned on 086 123 3137, or contacted through ‘Zozimus Bookshop’ on Facebook.)

 

 

 

 

Once an African

By Larry Farren.

“Once an African” by Larry Farren was launched at Zozimus Bookshop, Gorey, Co. Wexford, of 14th June 2013. What follows is an edited version of the remarks made by the author on that occasion.From Gorey Toastmasters

I would like to begin by giving a profound thank you to all of you who came from far away to be here, especially to those from Boston, Massachusetts, not because they are more welcome than others but because the motto of the state of Massachusetts is “By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty.” imagesCA81Y66W

This work of fiction can be judged by its cover,Larry's Bookas they say. It tells several tales. On the front is a picture of crocodiles in the Zambezi river. A rock outcrop looks suspiciously like the face of a well- known Zimbabwean politician.mugabe Coincidently, “garwe”, or crocodile, is the chiShona isibongo ( clan or praise name) of that same politician. Propped against a rock is a military-looking rucksack and an AK47 rifle, the weapon of choice for insurgents world wide.

On the back cover we read that this novel is about colonial Rhodesia (it was then Southern Rhodesia) and post-colonial Zimbabwe, in which Sean Butler joins the B.S.A.,police on a three year contract, intending to go home to Europe at the end of it. But he finds that “He who has drunk of the waters of the Nile will return to drink again” – once an African, it’s difficult to leave. Hence the title of this book.

Zimbabwe is a country blessed with amazing natural beauty and mineral wealth. The Victoria Fallsde-la-harpe-roger-victoria-falls-zimbabwe is one of the seven natural wonders of the world. Downstream the mighty Zambezi river flows into Kariba, one of the world’s largest dams. Zimbabawe has massive resources of iron, tin, asbestos, chrome and platinum, as well as goldgoldcrushing and diamond mines. It’s teeming with wild animals for big game-hunting tourists  or for viewing in huge game reserves. Its major asset is its indigenous people, nearly all of whom speak English, and who are invariably, cheerful, polite and friendly, as evidenced by some of the major black characters in the book.

People make places, and the bright and cheerful people of Zimbabwe make it what it is, and the book makes that clear.

It would be hard to make a rich country like Zimbabwe poor, you’d think, but they managed it. Sean finds himself in a war he doesn’t really want to fight, as white Rhodesians resist handing over power to a black majority demanding equal rights. He doesn’t like the odds – his adopted white tribe is outnumbered twenty to one and shunned by the international community. It’s accused of being a bunch of racists caught in a colonial time-warp. But it’s HIS tribe, and he doesn’t agree with that analysis, even though he thinks they’re trying hold on to too much for too long, and he joins the Police Anti-Terrorist Unit (PATU) and SWAT to defend them and their limited democracy – limited to a largely white electorate.

But this isn’t just a war story about competing ethnic groups scrabbling to advance their own interests; it’s about characters caught in the web; about the interactions of very different people with conflicting agendas. Jason Dube, a Matabele tribesman, resents the white domination of his people, but shares an obsession about boxing with Sean. As a trainee and coach, they work together, and Jason learns to box “like he’s fighting for his life” as Sean advocates, for then he’ll have an advantage over the poor fellow who’s only playing a game and trying to score “points”. Boxing is fighting to rules, but it’s still fighting – it’s not a game like darts or snooker.

Marizani, Sean’s loyal interpreter, driver and advisor, a Mashona, with an amazing sense of humour and steeped in the traditions of the “old people”, the mystics of his tribe, has reservations about both the whites and the Matabele. He thinks boxing’s a bit odd, but he still bonds with Sean, who respects his unusual abilities, psychic and other.

Zemba, a sinister Central Intelligence Organisation operative, has never forgiven Sean for humiliating him in a boxing match. He kidnaps Jason’s sister during the genocidal Gukurahundi campaign against the Matabele, which saw the murder of an estimated (by the Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace) twenty thousand civilians, residents of the tribal areas who dared to support a party other than the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU). Jason wants revenge, but Zemba is protected by the ZANU government.

Sean and Jason oppose the ZANU post-war government through a business association, while commercial farms invaded by ZANU’s thugs lie fallow, the people starve and businesses are stolen recklessly by the new regime.

Zimbabwe is in a poor state at present. But it can be saved from its government. The international community need to insist that it reforms. But first it needs to be aware of what is going on. That’s why this novel was written.

The author.

Larry Farren was born in Co. Donegal and was brought up on Air Force bases in Britain and Germany, as his father was in the Royal Air Force. In 1962, at the age of 20, Larry left for Southern Rhodesia (re-named Zimbabwe in 1980) to enlist in the British South Africa Police. He intended to return to Ireland after his “holiday” in the sun, but remained to compete as a competitive boxer ( winning four Rhodesian and three South African titles), married Althea and stayed on for forty-five years.

After leaving the Police, Larry became an accountant, then he and Althea ran their own printing and promotional venture in Zimbabwe for twelve years. When hostile economic and political conditions began to strangle businesses, they sold their company and their home  in Bulawayo and settled in Co. Wexford.

Note:

“The National Geographic” magazine for May 2013 carries a twenty-two page article entitled “Breaking the Silence” and sub-titled “Oppression, Fear and Courage in Zimbabwe.imagesCA23CI15 It borrowed the title from the report compiled by the Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace on the Gukurahundi. It states that ZANU’s thirty-three year rule has shattered the country and caused millions to flee.